Last updated: 31st Dec., 2013

Without a doubt, the Bharadvaja’s are accorded pride of place amongst the family of seers of the Rig Veda. It would be fair to say that they are the first among equals, the equals being Visvamitras and the Vasisthas.

Mandala VI is composed entirely by members of this family and so, it is called the Bharadvaja Kula Mandala (Family Mandala). In his book, “Historical Analysis of the Rig Veda”, Shrikant Talegiri convincingly argues that Mandala VI (and not I), is chronologically the oldest of the ten Mandalas. Which would mean, the Bharadvaja’s are amongst the earliest composers of the Rig Veda.

The progenitor of the family is Bharadvaja Barhaspatya, one of the most respected seers of the Rig Veda.  This is evident on the basis of 59 hymns out of a total of 75 hymns in Mandala VI being ascribed to him. Next in importance is Samyu Bharadvaja, Barhaspatya’s brother, followed by Rjisvan Bharadvaja, a distant descendant.

The Bharadvaja’s are closely associated with the Puru tribe and various branches of the Puru tribe such as the Bharatas and then further splinters such as the Kurus and Panchalas.Their association with the Bharatas was particularly close and there are several instances of adoption of a Bharadvaja by the Bharata family or a member of the Bharata family choosing a life of priesthood and becoming part of the Bharadvajas.

The Panchala kings patronized the Bharadvajas as well and are known to seek their guidance, especially in their wars with other Arya tribes. King Divodasa sought the guidance of Payu Bharadvaja in his conquests and in a protracted war with the Dasa king Sambhara. (These accounts form the basis for my fictional story – Blood on the river Saraswati).

The sway and influence of the Bharadvajas seemed to have waned after Divodasa’s conquests and although they do find mention even in the Mahabharata, they appear to have lost ground to other families.

The primary deities worshiped by the family include Indra, Agni and Pusan.

The stand out names from this family, based on their making it to the list of composers of Mandala VI are: Bharadvaja Barhaspatya, Suhotra Bharadvaja, Sunahotra Bharadvaja, Nara Bharadvaja, Samyu Bharadvaja, Garga Bharadvaja, Rjisvan Bharadvaja, and Payu Bharadvaja.


As mentioned above, Bharadvaja Barhaspatya is the progenitor of the Bharadvaja family. He is widely regarded as the son of Brhaspati – an seer himself, but accorded a demi-god status in the Rig Veda. Strangely, for a person of his stature,  he is ascribed to only one hymn in the Rig Veda. <<Needs more investigation>>. Brhaspati is in turn widely regarded as the son of the seer Angirasa. Angirasa and Angirasas are thus the primeaval seer and seer families respectively of the Rig Veda and indeed in all of the Hindu scriptures .

The circumstances leading to the birth of Bharadvaja make interesting reading and will be covered in a separate article.

Based on the thorough research by Thaneshwar Sarmah, detailed in his book, “The Bharadvajas in Ancient India”, the genealogy of the composers of the Mandala VI can be summarized as below:

  • Samyu Bharadvaja is the brother of Bharadvaja Barhaspatya.
  • All other composers/seers are descendants of King Bharata (son of Dushyanta).
  • Nara Bharadvaja and Garga Bharadvaja are brothers and sons of Bhumanyu, great-grand son of King Bharata.
  • Suhotra Bharadvaja is a nephew of Nara and Garga <<this is contestable and needs further investigation>>.
  • Payu Bharadvaja is a distant descendant of all the seers named above, but a contemporary of King Divodasa, a Panchala.


<<work in progress>>

Historical Events

In Mandala VI, we find a record of several historical events – mostly battles fought with Dasa and Arya rivals. Without exception, victories in each of these battles is credited to Indra.

Listing of battles with the Dasas/Dasyus:

  • Victory over Susna; involvement of Kutsa
  • Victory over Dhuni and Cumuri; involvement of Dabhiti
  • Victory over Pipru; seer Rjisvan is involved and benefited as well
  • Victory over Namuci and rescue of Nami, son of Sapya
  • Divodasa seeks and destroys Sambara and his city
  • Defeat of Dasa tribes by alliance of Purus and Kutsas

Listing of battle with rival Arya

  • Turvayana defeats of Kutsa, Ayu and Atithigva
  • Assistance to the crafty Vetasu, swift Dasoni and Tugra
  • Vetasu defeats Tugra and Tuji (probably the tribe that Vetasu belonged to) becomes strong
  • Battle where Dasadyu fought against unknown opponent
  • Defeat of the Raji (tribe??) by the Pithinas (tribe??)

While most of the battles would have been over gaining wealth from the other tribe, in the form of cattle and horses, Mandala VI has first hand account of three major wars – the Hariyupiyah War, the conquests of Divodasa and the conquests of Pratardani.

Mandala VI also mentions a number of events where Indra has assisted or come to the rescue of his worshipers. Again, these could be actual events, the positive outcome however credited to their God. Some of these events include:

  • Assistance to Usana, son of Kavi
  • The miraculous recovery or rescue of Navavasta  who is then returned to his grandfather
  • The voyage/migration of Yadu and Turvasa tribes over the sea
  • Setting free of waters from the southwards (perhaps in Dasa territory??)

The loathing for the Pani tribe is apparent based on the vitriol in the Pusan hymns. However, we have no clear account of any Pani chiefs that the Bharadvaja patrons fought against. The only Pani named is Brbu and surprisingly, talked of in good terms, as a generous chief.

Finally, the Bharadvajas, themselves talk of events they have heard from their ancestors, events that over time take the form of myths. Some of these include:

  • Vala myth – probable account of a distant mid-winter solstice ritual where the Angirasas (ancestors of the Bharadvajas) participated.
  • Vrtra myth – demolishing of a huge obstacle by Indra in order to release waters
  • Ahi myth – slaying of the dragon by Indra that resulted in the release of waters

Society & Lifestyle

<<work in progress>>


<<work in progress>>


The Bharadvajas, especially Payu Bharadvaja and his father seemed to have played a central role in bringing about an alliance between the Panchala and Anu kings and then guiding them to victory in the Hariyupiyah War. Both father and son were handsomely rewarded by Prastoka (a Panchala prince) and Abhyavarthin Cayamana (a Anu King).

Click here for a fictional account of the alliance before the Hariyupiyah War.

Divodasa, after vanquishing the wealthy and powerful Dasa King Sambara, gave several gifts to father and son (Payu) from the spoils of war.

A surprising benefactor was Brbu, a Panu chieftain, given that, according to the Bharadvajas, the Panis were miserly.

Compilation of the Bharadvaja Danastutis

Related Content

Mandala VI – The Bharadvaja family book

The Bharadvaja Danastutis

Dundubhi Hymn – Origins of the War drum?

Rjisvan shows us the power of homage


15 Responses to Bharadvajas

  1. Yash bhardwaj says:

    I feel proud as bhardwaj succeser

  2. praween choubey says:

    excellent effort………

    • rangarao says:

      Arya means sacred , the English men are gelousnof Hindu culture and civilization flourishing since before last ice age , as now discoveries of Dwaraka suggests it was under sea gor more than 32000years.I believe after Mahabharat battle where lasers and atomic missiles were used led to the sudden cooling of Earth resulting in Ice age where by all the texts and tools, remanants of Kurukshetra lost into sea. EVEN THE COURSE OF SARASWATHI RIVER DRIED ORCHANGED AS EVIDENCED BY NASA.

      • Keshav Bharadhwaj says:

        The English were worse than Moghuls… the moghuls did destruction due to ignorance, but the English cunningly took advantage of the chaos that prevailed at that time and destroyed our culture. they changed our religious books according to their evil designs. I am from Tamil Nadu. The Dravidian movement, created by the British, has made the status of Hinduism very poor and downtrodden. Many people in tamil nadu think that Aryans are brahmins and they are from North India and Dravidians are the original inhabitants. Actually the word DRAVIDIAN is a regional term, meaning: DRA (or THRA) – three, and VID (or VITH) – to join. Hence dravidian means – the place where three oceans join. this word was used by adi shankaracharya when he visited a ashram in varanasi, and he was asked by the priest where did he come from. To this question he said – I am a dravida shishu – meaning, son of the place where three oceans meet. Also, Arya means – exalted one or honoured person. Its equivalent word in Tamil is “Aiyah” – a term unknowingly used by present day tamilians for addressing any respected person. Political parties here make use of the dravidian theory to gather vote banks as the percentage of brahmins in tamil nadu is just 3%. Hence other castes fall into their trap believing all the non sense they say during rallies and vote for them.

      • Er.Tushit Patel says:

        I agreed with you rangrao…

      • @rangrao… But Dwarka goes under the sea before 3102 B.C.E. Dwarika Nagari goes under the Dhanavantari Ocean(Arabi Samudra) before 5117 years ago from A.D. 2015. God Sri Krishna was born in Shravan dark-8th mig night in B.C.E. 3227. God Sri Krishna born 5242 years ago from A.D. 2015. God Sri Krishna’s life span was 125 years, 8 months and 7 days. God Sri Krishna goes his Devine Abode Gaulok Dham or you can say Vaikunth Dham in B.C.E. 3102. God Sri Krishna left earth before 5117 years ago from A.D. 2015. And only 07 days after that event 9 days-night flood were occurred. Which is also narrated in Bible and Quran as Noha’s Ark. Dwarika goes under the sea in that Food.

  3. sandip bhimashankar thorat says:

    Dear sir
    Pls my gotra is not remand
    sages my gotra

  4. Pingback: Compilers Composers Rig Veda Six Major Families | Ramani's blog

  5. Keshav Bharadhwaj says:

    good article

    i am proud to be part of maharishi bharadvaja’s family

    • @Keshav Bhardhvaj… are absolutely right. Actually Sanskrit language is the word’s oldest language and Tamil language is second oldest language. Tamil Language is made by Rishi Agatsya who was son of Rishi Pulatsya. Rishi Agatsya learnt Tamil Language from God Shiva & Kartikey(Son of Shiva) and by this way Rishi Agatsya made Grammer of Tamil Language. This is mention in Ramayan and Shiv Puran. The first man of this current 7th Manavantar Vaivasvan/Vaivasvant Manu or Satyavrat Manu was also Dravidian king mensioned in Srimag Bhagvatam Puran. Europeans have wrong theory that Aaryan are came from north-west before 3000-3500 years. There is no difference betweenDravidian and Aryan. Dravid is only term use to locate place. It is not caste or different race, Dravidian were also pure Aaryans.


    no Brahmin will keep their Gotra as surname. You can refer rigveda, it’s having vanshavali, kindly read it carefully, you don’t know, please go to Allahabad, you will get bhardwaja ashram

  7. Raghavendra.S.K says:

    Wow… great peace of information.. thank you

  8. BVS Murty says:

    congrats! the researcher had put in enormous effort and dug out mythologiclal history of Bharadwaja clan. An iota of the knowledge, culture and vision of sage Bharadwaja might be inherently present in all his descendents. May those be nurtured, improved and applied in cooperation with other clans to handle things in this world and pass on the baton properly in the search for TRUTH.

    Venkata Satyanarayana Murty – A Sagotrika from India

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